[Equest-users] MIN-AIR-SCH and Economizer Implementation
Daric.Adair at hendersonengineers.com
Wed Aug 29 13:23:39 PDT 2018
Need to learn from other's experience on proper implementation of the MIN-AIR-SCH and Air Side Economizers within eQuest. The help file language (and what I have previously followed is this):
"...Values in the MIN-AIR-SCH vary from 0.0 (no outside air flow; economizer inactive if specified) to 1.0 (100% outside air flow). A value of 0.001 actives the economizer. A value of -999 returns the hourly value to MIN-OUTSIDE-AIR or to the program's calculated minimum outside air value ..."
Based on my reading of the help file, if 0.001 'activate' the economizer, my MIN-AIR-SCH should be 0.001 for all 24 hours/day because I want the economizer to always be available. The issue is that on running with this approach on a model, and reviewing the hourly report values for the Supply Air Flow and the OA ratio - my OA was ~zero in the summer for all hours. While this shows large energy savings - it's due to lack of OA, not economization. Testing with a 0/-999 MinOA schedule yielded more realistic OA ratios, but obviously no economizer saving that could be seen.
I stepped back and started to play with eQuest Wizard to see how it configures economizer and MIN-AIR-SCH it creates. Interesting combinations/results:
All iterations are with a CHW/HW VAV System.
1. HVAC Wizard: Screen 6 > Economizer Type = Dry Bulb and Screen 5 > Cycle Fans at Night = Cycle Fans (no OA at night). eQuest Detailed Mode yields a Dry Bulb Economizer and a MIN-AIR-SCH of 0=unoccupied and -999=occupied.
2. HVAC Wizard: Screen 6 > Economizer Type = Dry Bulb and Screen 5 > Cycle Fans at Night = Cycle Fans (no OA at night + economizer). eQuest Detailed Mode yields a Dry Bulb Economizer and a MIN-AIR-SCH of 0.001=unoccupied and -999=occupied.
3. HVAC Wizard: Screen 6 > Economizer Type = Dry Bulb and Screen 5 > Cycle Fans at Night = Cycle Fans (no OA at night + economizer). eQuest Detailed Mode yields a Dry Bulb Economizer and a no MIN-AIR-SCH at all(?)
4. HVAC Wizard: Screen 6 > Economizer Type = none and Screen 5 > Cycle Fans at Night = Cycle Fans (no OA at night). eQuest Detailed Mode yields No Economizer and a MIN-AIR-SCH of 0=unoccupied and -999=occupied.
5. HVAC Wizard: Screen 6 > Economizer Type = none and Screen 5 > Cycle Fans at Night = Cycle Fans (no OA at night + economizer). eQuest Detailed Mode yields a No Economizer and a MIN-AIR-SCH of 0.001=unoccupied and -999=occupied.
>From this testing (and other combinations) it would appear that the 'fan at night' input drives what appears in the MIN-AIR-SCH (or the existence thereof) as opposed to anything to do with Economizer. Though, iteration #5 shows a schedule with an economizer/0.001, but no economizer at the system (fixed fraction).
Quick runs of the above, the options with economizer did use less cooling than the non-economizer options (As expected) but the results were underwhelming. Tested in a 2A/Miami, 4A Kansas City, and Boise/5B. All underwhelming.
So - what is right? Is the 'right' approach for economizer implementation to have economizer enable at the unit with a MIN-AIR-SCH of 0.001=unoccupied and -999=occupied. OR does the 0.001/-999 schedule mess matter if the economizer is enabled at the unit? From my 'real' model a schedule of 0.001 appears wrong.
Also -'right' in this case is how one would expect this to perform on an actual piece of equipment; not looking to fake-bake any numbers for code/LEED/other. Field economizer operation is relatively simple - Is OA available to help free cool my building (fully or partly/integrated) or should the system be at Minimum OA?
Note: None of the situations above involve DCV. DCV didn't appear to be something which can be implemented in the Wizard and I've always done it in Detailed mode anyways. Let me know if I've missed this in Wizard. But, more importantly, if DCV impacts your thoughts on the MIN-AIR-SCH and economizer implementation, I'd be interested in that as well.
Thanks in advance.
DARIC R ADAIR PE, CEM, BEMP
Mechanical Engineer, Energy Analyst
8345 Lenexa Drive, Suite 300 | Lenexa, KS 66214
Tel (913) 742-5530
daric.adair at hendersonengineers.com<mailto:daric.adair at hendersonengineers.com>
Licensed in KS
Sending me large files? Please use Henderson File Share<https://apps.hendersonengineers.com/FileShare/Uploadfirstname.lastname@example.org> | TX ID #F-001236
This email and any files transmitted with it are confidential and are intended solely for the use of the individual or entity to whom they are addressed. This communication represents the originator's personal views and opinions, which do not necessarily reflect those of Henderson Engineers, Inc. If you are not the original recipient or the person responsible for delivering the email to the intended recipient, be advised that you have received this email in error, and that any use, dissemination, forwarding, printing, or copying of this email is strictly prohibited. If you received this email in error, please immediately notify administrator at hendersonengineers.com.
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
More information about the Equest-users